Heard about the great Hill River Stone Wall?

Updated: Feb 13

THE GREAT STONE WALL ON HILL RIVER - 7,040.000 stones - Who Built it? - C. B. Fisher - The builders of the wall - This Heritage Stone wall - EARLY HILL RIVER - Hill River Station - Hill River Station - Sold - Hill River Station and outbuildings - Bundaleer - Read More


THE GREAT STONE WALL ON HILL RIVER.

From Links with the Past! Article 3 CLARE CENTENARY OF 1942 WILL REVIVE MANY MEMORIES OF THE PAST. Northern Argus (Clare, SA : 1869 - 1954) Friday 19 September 1941 p 8 by "Clarion".

  • "This massive boundary wall extends along the ridge of the Camels Hump Range and Brown Hill Range for a total distance of approximately 65 kilometres, following a large part of the eastern boundary of the Clare District Council." (Heritage Listing)


"I do not know whether the inspiration to build the Great Stone Wall, about 40 miles long, at Hill River, was conjured up by someone who read the history of the Great Wall of China, or not, but I do know that. small as it is by comparison it was a colossal feat in our early pioneering days."


"Information, most incomplete in character has come to me from many sources, and I pen below as authentically as it is possible, some of the relevant details, hoping that in the process some valuable data of the actual plans and its sponsors or originators will thus be conjured out of the history of the Past."


7,040.000 stones

  • The wall commences about 11 miles South of the Farrell's Flat road and 4 miles West towards Clare. not far from the late Mr. David Ashby's homestead.

  • It continues Northwards to Gum Creek and Leighton, up big hills and down dales to Spalding and Booborowie on a level with Jamestown, finally ending at the top end of Canowie.

The height is 3 feet with a 3 feet base and 2 ft. 6 in conical top. and in order to work out what a colossal job it was when only drays and ox wagons were in use to cart the stones, a computation gives an approximate estimate that 7,040.000 stones were used to build the 40 mile wall; while the actual weight was 70,400 tons.

The computation was arrived at in this way—

  • 100 stones for every cubic yard.

  • Every mile means 176,000 stones, and 40 miles gives the total of 7.040,000 gibbers. To arrive at the approximate tonnage there is

  • 1.760 yards to a mile.

  • Multiplied by 40 gives us 70,400 yards in length, and

  • as each yard equals one cubic yard of stone—(or 1 ton weight) the weight works out at 70.400 tons.

Who Built it?

It seems fairly certain the Hill River wall was built in the days of the late C. B. Fisher, principally to keep sheep within bounds.

  • Fisher at that time held parts of Bundaleer, the Camel Humps (near Hawker) and Hill River Station (see below).

  • The "Camel Hump Wall" is a drystone wall which runs over 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Booborowie to Farrell Flat,[8] and another equal distance further south to the farm of Mr. David Ashby, totalling 65 kilometres.

South Australian surveyor George Goyder noted that the dry-stone walls helped to stop fires.

Charles Brown Fisher

(25 September 1817 – 6 May 1908), generally referred to as C. B. Fisher, was born in London, he was the eldest son of (later Sir) James Hurtle Fisher and his wife Elizabeth.

Charles Brown Fisher (25 Sept 1817 – 6 May 1908)
  • At around age twenty he spent two years on an uncle's farm at Little Bowden, Northamptonshire, before migrating to South Australia in 1836 with his parents in HMS Buffalo.

  • Early in 1838 his brother James, in partnership with Fred Handcock, bought some sheep and established a squatting station (Fisher and Handcock's Station) near the Little Para River. C.B. Fisher assisted his brother, droving ten of the first lambs bred there on foot to Adelaide for delivery to a Mr. Crispe.[1]