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Martindale Hall Story: 4

The Mortlocks purchase

Margaret Tennant with son Andrew. 1899 B-48098.jpeg

...A double wedding of such social importance was calculated to create the greatest interest, especially amongst the ladies, and long before the appointed time for the ceremony, the church was crowded....

The Mortlocks of Martindale Hall

A double wedding that was almost too much for Adelaide to absorb...


At St. Peters, Glenelg, on 28 January 1891, Rosye Tennant married William. T. Mortlock, the well-known pastoralist,

while her sister married Capt. Anstruther Thompson, who afterwards assumed the name of Gray on coming into some property (see below).

At the time of his wedding he was A.D.C. to Lord Kintore, then Governor of South Australia.

Rosye was the older sister of Mrs. R. M. Hawker, formerly Adelaide Tennant, the youngest daughter of Andrew Tennant, and for many years chatelaine of Bungaree homestead.

Below: The Ship Imaum of Muscat in 1836, a gift to King William IV 

THE SHIP IMAUM IN MUSCAT HARBOR, 1836 ThompsonIMG_4910_1024x1024.jpg
William Ranson Mortlock M.P.
William Ranson Mortlock 1821-1884.jpg

Above: William Ranson Mortlock

William Ranson Mortlock M.P., father of the Groom

W. Ranson Mortlock (illustrated at left) was born in about 1821 at Moat House, Melbourn, Cambridgeshire, England, the son of William Mortlock and his wife Mary (née Newling).

  • In 1843 William emigrated to South Australia on the ship Imaum of Muscat (illustrated above).

  • During the crossing-the-line equatorial ceremonies he was thrown overboard wearing a heavy money-belt and had to struggle hard to regain the ship.

  • His family was deeply involved in banking.

  • William Ranson Mortlock was just twenty-two years old when he settled in Adelaide in 1844 to run the Globe Hotel.


This was a time of severe depression in the colony but Mortlock was equipped with both capital and business skills.

  • During his first year in Australia, he journeyed to New South Wales to survey prospects before deciding to settle in South Australia, where he initially set up as a maltster. 

  • With as much commercial commonsense as vision, Mortlock invested in the pastoral industry and

  • in 1847 Mortlock took up the Yalluna run near Tumby Bay, put 5,000 sheep on it and found a suitable manager.

  • At the same time he operated two flour mills, one at Noarlunga and the other in Halifax Street, Adelaide, each of them able to serve prime farming districts.


Both his milling and sheep farming were very profitable. 

He built up four grazing runs on the lower Eyre Peninsula:

  1. Yalluna: His first venture was near Port Lincoln; with additional leases and purchases it became Yalluna station. 

  2. Strawberry Hill: H.C. Talbot says this station received its name from the simple fact that a bullock bearing the appetising name of "Strawberry'' was lost... his carcass was found on the hill.

  3. Coffin's Bay at the southern extremity of the Eyre Peninsula, a wheat growing area 

  4. Lake Wangarey  surrounding the freshwater Lake Wangary.

In the north of South Australia, William Mortlock​ acquired three large stations: 

  1. Mount Arden, on an arid plain between the Flinders Ranges and the highway and south of Lake Torrens, with natural springs

  2. Angorigina east of Blinman mine, and

  3. Yudnapinna, where 100,000 sheep were handled at one shearing.

Marriage of W. Ranson Mortlock
Marriage of W. Ranson Mortlock

​On 10th May 1850 William Ranson Mortlock married Margaret Tennant at Port Lincoln and they had a family of six children, including William Tennant Mortlock who was later to own Martindale Hall, near Mintaro in the mid-north.

  • When the Halifax Street mill was destroyed by fire in 1857, Mortlock abandoned that business and settled on Eyre Peninsula.

  • His pastoral investments expanded further into property on the Peninsula and also, in 1867-68, into the northern areas of the state, at Mount Arden, Angorichina and Yudnapinna.

  • The latter station alone stocked 100,000 sheep.


Mortlock had the ability to select good overseers for his properties and his own commercial expertise assisted in his pastoral success.

  • He held directorships of a number of companies and amassed a considerable fortune.

  • In August 1858 a parcel of land he sold to John Harvey, a farmer at Tumby Bay, became the first piece of real estate registered under the Torrens Title system after the Real Property Act came into force.

  • Mortlock had another significant interest, horse racing, and he always kept a number of horses in training.

  • He was an enthusiastic fisherman, and had at Coffins Bay two motor launches and the yacht Whynot. He entertained large parties of sportsmen during the Christmas holidays.

  • He had a stud flock of Merinos and won many prizes at country shows.


He was noted for his liberal views and in 1868 he won the seat of Flinders in the House of Assembly, holding it, apart from a break during a trip to England, until 1884.

- SA History Hub.

 Aged 63 he died at Avenel House, Medindie, on 10 May 1884, survived by his wife, one son: Mr. William Tennant Mortlock, and three married daughters,

Mrs. E. H. Spicer, Mrs. E. C. Gwynne, and Mrs. J. T. Toll..

His probate was sworn at nearly £100,000. 
-- Obituary

  • His son William Tennant Mortlock (1858-1913) was educated at the Collegiate School of St Peter, Adelaide, and Jesus College, Cambridge. He joined his father's interests and succeeded to his estates. (See Below)

Andrew Tennant M.P.
Margaret Mortlock, nee Tennant, and her daughter Mary, born 18 September 1853 B-53410.jpeg
Andrew Tennant, wealthy pastoralist, Member of Parliament B-9865.jpeg

Above: Andrew Tennant

Andrew Tennant M.P., father of the brides

Andrew Tennant (1835-1913), pastoralist and politician, was born on 20 June 1835 at Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland, son of John Tennant, shepherd, and his wife Jessie Aitken;

  • as an assisted migrant John brought his family to South Australia in the Duchess of Northumberland on 19 December 1839;

  • John Tennant in 1845 and 1846 overlanded a large flock of sheep for the first time from Adelaide around the head of Spencer Gulf and into the Port Lincoln district. He later bought Tallala station. A cairn is built there as a memorial.

  • Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, is named after him. 


Business Interests

Aged 18, Andrew took cattle west to the shores of Lake Newland near Elliston, and settled at Salt Creek. The holding had been abandoned because of the Aboriginals' hostility, but Tennant was unafraid and for seven years he controlled the natives while successfully managing his sheep and cattle station.

  • Later Tennant owned stations at Mount Wedge, Coffin's Bay and Streaky Bay.

    • In 1886 he leased the large block, Baroota near Port Germein, but owing to severe droughts had to move,

    • subsequently acquiring from Sir Thomas Elder the Oorama and Baratta runs.

  • He remained there for a year or two, then sold the properties and purchased

    • Willipia station in the same neighbourhood,

    • Moolooloo (1800 sq. miles) (4662 km²),

    • Murapatina near Mannahill (1500) (3885 km²), and

    • Undoolya station near Alice Springs (10,000) (25,900 km²).


Later he established Yardea station and owned and worked Corraburra near Port Augusta until his death.

Other runs held by him included

In addition he owned 13,000 acres (5261 ha) at the Hermitage near Riverton, much valuable freehold property in the city of Adelaide and held stations in New Zealand.

Business Interests

Tennant had large interests in the Seaham and Abermain Colliery companies in New South Wales and

  • he was the principal shareholder in the Tarcoola Blocks Gold Mine, a venture in which he lost heavily.

  • He was a director of the China Traders Co. and of the Adelaide Steamship Co. Ltd from its inception.

  • A justice of the peace, he was for many years a Freemason under the Grand constitution.

  • A generous patron of the turf and lover of thoroughbreds, Tennant established a stud at Hermitage and successfully raced horses throughout South Australia. For many years president of the Port Augusta and Flinders Jockey Club, he was closely associated with all metropolitan and a number of country racing clubs.

In 1881-1887 Tennant represented Flinders in the House of Assembly in South Australia.

  • In 1898-1902 he sat in the Legislative Council for the Northern District.

  • He was a member of the Pastoral Lands Commission in 1897-98.


Andrew Tennnnt was one of the most successful pastoralists of South Australia, and also was one who had done a great deal to advance the pastoral industry of South Australia.

     Obituary: Chronicle (Adelaide, SA)  Sat 26 Jul 1913  Page 44


Marriage of Andrew Tennant

On 28 August 1862 in Adelaide he married Rachael Christina Ferguson.

  • They lived at Tallala Station near Port Lincoln, later at "Essenside", Glenelg

    • Andrew Tennant died on Saturday, July 19, 1913, at 'Essenside', Moseley Street, Glenelg.

    • ​Mrs Andrew Tennant died in 1921 at the age of 80 years. she had resided at Glenelg more than 40 years. Mrs Tennant took an active interest in philanthropic movements.

  • He was survived by his wife, three daughters and three of his four sons,

  • He died of diabetes and senile dementia in his home, "Essenside", Moseley Street, Glenelg, (illustrated below) on 19 July 1913, and was buried in the Brighton cemetery.

  • His South Australian estate was sworn for probate at £506,248.


Family of Andrew Tennant
  • John Tennant (1864 – 26 May 1941)
    married (cousin?) Margaret Barr Love, (illustrated left with child Andrew) 
    ( – 19 May 1954) on 10 August 1898, lived at Princess Royal Station c. 1906

  • Rosina Forsayth "Rosie" Tennant (c. 1867 - 1939)
    married cousin William Tennant Mortlock (1858 - 1913) on 28 January 1891
    (a double wedding).

    • He was son of Margaret Tennant and William Ranson Mortlock, (see above)

  • William Andrew Tennant (1868 – 20 February 1929) of Point Lowly Station, Port Augusta West, married Elizabeth Mary Meincke (1900) and
    Matilda Elsie Audacia Hobbs née Polkinghorne (1925)

  • Jessie Clara "Clayre" Tennant (1872–1958)
    married William Anstruther-Thomson (1860– ) on 28 January 1891 
    (a double wedding). F.R.G.S., who adopted the name of Gray on succeeding to the Carntyne Estate in 1904. He was aide-de-camp from 1889 to 1891, during Lord Kintore's term as Governor of South Australia.

  • Frederick Augustus Tennant (22 July 1874 – 1937) solicitor, of Adelaide,
    married Kathleen Hammill ( – ) on 28 October 1914, moved to Melbourne

  • Adelaide Tennant (22 July 1874 – 8 April 1952)
    married Richard McDonnell Hawker (1866 – 24 March 1930), son of G. C. Hawker on 25 February 1903

Below: "Essenside", aka 'Essendene', Mosely Street, Glenelg, the home of Hon, Andrew Tennant
Essenside was built as a seaside home for Capt. Edward “Ned” Bagot,
his wife Anne (nee Smith) and their children. 

Margaret Tennant with son Andrew. 1899 B-48098.jpeg
'Essenside', on the northern corner of Moseley and College Streets, Glenelg. B-10748.jpeg
William Tennant Mortlock
William Tennant Mortlock with Jemima, his nurse.B-50424.jpeg
William Tennant Mortlock (a groom)

William Tennant Mortlock (1858 – 17 August 1913) was a South Australian grazier and politician.

  • Mortlock was born near Port Lincoln, the eldest son of William Ranson Mortlock.

  • William Tennant Mortlock (illustrated as a baby in a well-known daguerreotype at left, with nurse Jemima Gunlarnman) was educated at the Collegiate School of St Peter, Adelaide, and Jesus College, Cambridge. (Baby William wriggled while exposure in progress, and his face has blurred.)

  • Though admitted to the Inner Temple on 24 October 1878 he did not practise in South Australia but joined his father and succeeded to his estates.

  • ​He worked on his father's Yudnapinna Station, near Port Augusta

  • He inherited the family's pastoral property upon his father's death in 1884.

  • William represented the seat of Flinders in the House of Assembly in 1896-99 and 1901-02.​

Martindale Hall, Mintaro B-53229.jpeg

Above: William Tennant Mortlock (1858-1913)

Below:  Rosye F. Mortlock 

Rosye F. Mortlock PRG-1445-8-8.jpeg

  • In 1891 he purchased Martindale Hall at Mintaro, which would become his family's main station.

  • Martindale Hall is a Georgian-style mansion built in 1879-80 near Mintaro, where he continued the hospitality established by its previous owner, Edmund Bowman, attended to his fine merino flock, developed the gardens and orchards and pursued his racing interests. 

  • Mr. S. Scott, was manager of Martindale for the late Mr. W. T. Mortlock lor 13 years and resided part-of that time at the hall.

Advertiser (Adelaide, SA), Monday 18 August 1913, page 14

Mr. Mortlock was a valuable assistant to his father, after whose death he increased the pastoral properties possessed by the Mortlock family.

An idea of the size of the territory he controlled can be obtained when it is stated that

  • Yudnapinnie, Mount Arden, and Euro Bluff stations together represent 1,600 square miles;

  • Coffins Bay, 200 square miles;

  • Angoritchna, 100 square miles;

  • Yalluna and Strawberry Hill, 13,000 acres;

  • Martindale Hall, 10,000 acres; and

  • Warratta Vale (purchased in 1897), 36,000 acres.


The work of superintending operations over such an immense area made his life a particularly busy one.

However, he managed to find time for public duties, and he was elected to the House of Assembly for Flinders on April 25, 1896.

In the House Mr. Mortlock acquitted him-self creditably, his intimate knowledge of the country being of value in legislative matters connected with pastoral affairs.

Mr. Mortlock was a true sportsman, and there is hardly a racing club of any importance in the State with which he was not associated.

  • Of the Port Augusta Racing Club he was a leading member and office-bearer.


Some time ago Angoritchna and Strawberry Hill stations were sold.

At the present time a scheme is under consideration for the subdivision of 300 acres of land known as Grange Farm.

Mr. Mortlock bred and raced Yudnapinna in the Grand National of 1911 when he beat Destinist.

  • He had a stud flock of Merinos and won many prizes at country shows.

  • He was an enthusiastic fisherman, and had at Coffins Bay two motor launches and the yacht Whynot.

  • He entertained large parties of sportsmen during the Christmas holidays.

The Double Wedding

William Mortlock married Rosina Forsyth Tennant on 28 January 1891 at St. Peter's Church, Glenelg
in a double-wedding with her sister, Clayre Jessie Tennant,

who married Capt. Anstruther Thompson (the other groom)

  • Clayre Jessie Tennant, born on 30th August 1872 in Port Lincoln, South Australia, was the 2nd daughter of Andrew Tennant.

  • Clayre became engaged to William Anstruther-Thomson, Aide de Camp to the Governor of South Australia, on 6th January 1891.

  • They married, in a double wedding ceremony with Clayre's elder sister Rosina Forsyth Tennant, at St Peter's Church, Glenelg, South Australia.

    • These newly-weds sailed to the UK the following day.

  • When William Anstruther-Thomson (illustrated left) succeeded to the Carntyne estate in 1904, he adopted the surname Gray. This was (retrospectively) incorporated into Clayre's name and also their three children:
    1. Ruth Mary St Clair Anstruther-Gray
    2. Jean Helen St Clair Anstruther-Gray
    3. William John St Clair Anstruther-Gray

  • Clayre became a Justice of the Peace and was invested Commander, Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.) in 1934.

    • She died on 22nd October 1958 in Kilmany Parish District, Fife, Scotland, aged 86.

  • both were daughters of Andrew Tennant.

  • Rosina and William were cousins, as Andrew Tennant was a brother of William's mother Margaret.

Double Wedding
Captain John Anstruther Thomson on 'Rainbow'.png
Glenelg, SA - St Peter's Anglican Church.jpg

Quiz and the Lantern (Adelaide, SA), Friday 30 January 1891, page 8


"St. Peters Church, Glenelg, was on Wednesday afternoon the scene of two of the most fashionable weddings of the season. The participants in the ceremony were

  • Captain Anstruther Thomson, A.D.C. to His Excellency the Governor (Lord Kintore, illustrated below),

  • and Miss Clayre Tennant,

  • and Mr. Tennant Mortlock, son of the late Mr. W. R. Mortlock, M.P., and

  • Miss Rosa Tennant,
    the ladies being the daughters of Mr. Andrew Tennant, a sheep farmer of extensive operations in South Australia, and the holder of large squatting properties in New Zealand.

As was to be expected, a double wedding of such social importance was calculated to create the greatest interest, especially amongst the ladies, and long before the appointed time for the ceremony, the church was crowded by a fashionable assemblage of sight-seers."

The Fashionable Weddings
Lord Kintore, c. 1880. Kintore was Governor of South Australia.jpg

Below: Mr Andrew Tennant, c1900

Andrew Tennant 1900 B-11308.jpeg

The interior of the [church] building was beautifully decorated, and a special choir was in attendance.

  • As early as half-past 12 o'clock a very large crowd had gathered at the church doors waiting for admission, including ladies from almost every suburb round the city.

  • The church was crowded to excess, numbers of late arrivals being quite unable to gain admission.

"At about five minutes to 2 o'clock (the hour fixed for the wedding) the bridegrooms arrived, attended by their groomsmen.

  • Captain Thomson (illustrated above, on "Rainbow") and Major Gordon were attired in their brilliant undress uniforms, the gold lace and coloring of which served to show off the exquisite dresses of the bridal party.

  • Captain Anstruther Thomson was attended by Mr. Colin Campbell (Private Secretary to Lord Kintore),

  • and Mr. W. Tennant Mortlock by Major Gordon (illustrated left)."


"The church was most artistically decorated with arches of evergreens, white flowers, and pot plants.

  • The service was full choral, and was performed by the Rev. B. G. Stephenson, Bishop's Chaplain, Mr. Harold Davies officiating at the organ.

  • Punctually at 2 o'clock the bridal party arrived and proceeded up the aisle in the following order: —

    • Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Tennant walked first,

    • followed by the two brides,

    • they in turn being followed by their 8 bridesmaids.

    • Arrived at the altar the father of the brides took up his position in the centre with a bride, bridegroom, and four bridesmaids on either side of him."

The bridal gowns were beautifully made, the material being a rich brocaded satin.

  • The skirts were characterised by artistic simplicity, the hem in front being bordered with a thick ruche of plain soie Francaise.

    • They were both made with very long Court trains, high sleeves, and Medici collars, with a full ruche of the satin falling over the feet. The bodices were close fitting and quite plain.

    • A very long tulle veil completely covered the train. Sprays of orange blossom in the neck and hair, white satin shoes, and most beautiful bouquets of white flowers tied with wide white ribbons completed two of the most elegant bridal costumes ever worn in the colony.

  • Miss Tennant was attended by Miss Ferguson (chief bridesmaid) and the Misses Love.
  • Miss Clayre Tennant had her sister (Miss Adelaide Tennant) as chief bridesmaid; and
  • Misses Bessie and Belle Macfarlane and Miss Murray.

Read much more: ​Quiz and the Lantern (Adelaide, SA), Friday 30 Jan. 1891, page 8  FASHIONABLE WEDDINGS.

On the morning of the wedding Mr. Andrew Tennant, the father of the brides, handed over to the two gentlemen, whom he has appointed trustees, deeds representing a gift of £20,000 to each of his daughters.

The Family of the Mortlocks

​Their children were:

  • William Ranson Mortlock (1891-1892) Born Nov 1891. Died on 16 July 1892, aged 8½ months, at Essenside.

  • John Andrew Tennant Mortlock (1894-1950) was his eldest surviving son

  • Frederick Ranson Mortlock (1900-  5 Aug 1936) - never married, died in Colombo, was drunk when he fell off a boat in Colombo Harbour.
    "A nice young man with winning ways, good looks, high wealth", loved sports, raced horses, and loved drinking.

  • Their mother indulged both of them dreadfully; they were incredibly spoilt and, like many others with “new” money, wasted huge amounts on their cars, race horses, yachts , booze and other frivolities.

  • Joan Royal Tennant (1906– ) married Brian Herbert Swift in 1934.


William died (young) in a private hospital in North Adelaide in 1913, aged 55, following a six-month illness. He was interred in the Mortlock family vault at the North Road Cemetery

The Mortlock Weapons Collection

The Mortlock Weapons Collection (pictured below) is intrinsically related to the ‘baronial’ lifestyle achieved at Martindale Hall by the Mortlock family.

The weapons were collected in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries by William Tennant Mortlock and then his son John Mortlock (Jack), during their travels around Australia and overseas.

The collection was prominently displayed by the Mortlocks in the Smoking Room at Martindale Hall, and illustrates a way of life that no longer exists in South Australia.

Family of the Mortlocks

Summary of State Heritage Object: 10067-001

Mortlock Weapons Collection Object intrinsically related to Martindale Hall (10067)

A pictorial feature on Martindale Hall that appeared in the March 1932 edition of the popular monthly magazine South Australian Homes and Gardens included two images of the Smoking Room and a brief text caption.

The images illustrate the extensive nature of the collection at that time and make particular note of the Japanese or Samurai suit of armour and other weapons within the room.

Two images of the Smoking Room taken by HDC Collyer in 1936 and now in the pictorial collection of the State Library of South Australia show the room configured in a very similar manner to the 1932 images 


The Advertiser also ran a feature on Martindale Hall in 1937 noting that the contents of the Smoking Room were ‘gathered from all ports of the world’iv and included armour and weapons displayed on the walls.

In October 1948, the Pioneer’s Association of South Australia toured Martindale Hall and shortly after published a small booklet authored by a number of association members recounting their experiences of the Hall and its contents.

The Weapons Collection